CANCER describes what happens when abnormal cells divide uncontrollably in the body. There are more than 200 different types of cancer, so the type of symptoms you experience is determined by where the cancer starts in the body and where it has spread. The effectiveness of the treatment will also depend a lot on how early the cancer is discovered, so it is essential to recognize the early warning signs.
The health body adds, "You may have days or weeks when you don't have a temperature and then the fever starts again."
What are the other symptoms associated with kidney cancer?
Other symptoms include:
- Blood in the urine – you may notice that the urine is darker than normal or reddish in color
- Persistent pain in the lumbar or lateral region, just below the ribs
- A lump or swelling at your side (although kidney cancer is usually too small to feel)
When to see a GP
Although you are unlikely to have cancer, it is important to check your symptoms, advises the NHS.
The general practitioner will ask about your symptoms and may test a sample of your urine to see if it contains blood or an infection, the health agency notes.
"If necessary, they can refer you to a hospital specialist for further testing to find out what the problem is," he adds.
Am I at risk?
The exact cause of kidney cancer is unknown, but certain factors can increase your chances of getting it.
As Cancer Research UK reports, being overweight or overweight (obese) increases the risk of kidney cancer, causing about a quarter of kidney cancers.
What constitutes obesity?
“Obesity means that your body mass index (BMI) is 30 or higher. More or less, this means that your weight is at least 25% greater than the top of the healthy range for your height. Your BMI is calculated by comparing height and weight, ”explains Cancer Research UK.
How does obesity influence the risk of developing kidney cancer?
“Being overweight causes changes in the body's hormones, especially in women. It may be this change in the hormonal balance of the body that increases the risk of kidney cancer ", suggests the institution.
Other risk factors include:
- Obesity – a body mass index (BMI) of 30 or more (use the healthy weight calculator to find your BMI)
- Smoking – the more you smoke, the greater the risk
- High blood pressure (hypertension)
- Family history – you are more likely to have kidney cancer if you have a close relative with him
- Some inherited genetic conditions
- Long-term dialysis – a treatment for chronic kidney disease in which a machine does some of the work of the kidneys
What is my perspective, if I have it?
The outlook for kidney cancer depends largely on the size of the tumor and its extent at the time it is diagnosed.
The NHS explains: “If the cancer is still small and has not spread beyond the kidney, surgery can usually cure it. Some small, slow-growing cancers may not need treatment at first. "
Usually, a cure is not possible if the cancer has spread, although treatment sometimes helps to keep it under control, adds the health agency.