NASA (US space agency) presented on Tuesday (15) two prototypes of space suits that should be used in future missions to the moon.
Costumes will improve on existing models for both men and women, including more comfort and more movement options.
As NASA races to meet the Trump administration's deadline to return to the moon in 2024, it also needs to ensure that astronauts will have the technological ability to step on the satellite again for the first time since 1972.
One of the outfits, made of bright orange fabric, is to be worn by astronauts during launch and re-entry to Earth while they are inside the Orion capsule, the deep-space travel craft NASA has been working on for 15 years. The suit offers astronauts protection and oxygen in case of accidents that may depressurize the capsule.
The other costume, in American red, white and blue, was called the extravehicular exploration mobility unit. Astronauts will use it when they explore the surface of the moon.
The latter was introduced by Kristine Davis, who works in NASA's space suit engineering industry. The suit gives an astronaut additional mobility and allows him to bend his legs. NASA administrator Jim Bridenstine recalled the "bunny hops" that American astronauts have made in the past while stepping on the moon, and said future explorers will be easier to walk on the satellite.
The costumes are designed to withstand temperatures from -150 ° C to 150 ° C. Each bears similarities to ancient costumes at NASA. Other space suits have more futuristic appearances.
SpaceX, which plans to send astronauts to the International Space Station in the near future, sent a space suit mannequin to orbit in March. He had a helmet made in a 3D printer and a black and white design that seemed to have been inspired by motorcycle racing uniforms.
Boeing, whose Starliner also plans to go to the station, debuted its blue zipper suit in 2017. It is 10% lighter than that worn by astronauts today.
Nasa's new outfit will be made in a larger size range than available today. In March, the first 100% female spacewalk, with Christina Koch and Anne McClain, could not be for lack of two suits that suited them..
A new female walk should happen later this week, with Koch and Jessica Meir.
NASA planned to return to the moon in 2028, but the Trump administration announced its intention to go in 2024. Although it has already presented the costumes, the agency does not yet have a ship capable of landing on the moon.
. (tagsToTranslate) Nasa (t) outer space (t) mars (t) Milky Way (t) sidereal messenger (t) sheet