The Federal Senate approved on Wednesday (9) a MP (Provisional Measure) that ends the deadline for owners to register in the CAR (Rural Environmental Registry).
Created by the new Forest Code in 2012, CAR is a mandatory electronic public record for all rural properties in Brazil. It is a database for environmental monitoring in Brazil and to combat deforestation.
Current law set a deadline of December 31, 2017 for CAR registration, which could be extended for another year. The deadline has been postponed at least five times.
President Jair Bolsonaro's MP (PSL) has ended any reference to a deadline.
The text approved on Wednesday by the Senate only states that "CAR registration is mandatory and indefinite for all properties and rural possessions."
Non-adherence to the CAR prohibited the owner, for example, from accessing credit lines.
"In addition to becoming a platform for environmental control and enforcement, (CAR) was adopted by all financial institutions in Brazil for the release of rural credit, be it investment credit as well as credit for agricultural funding," explained the senator. Irajá Abreu (PSD-TO).
The MP voted by the senators also states that rural property owners, after enrolling in the CAR, will have until December 2020 to join the PRA (Environmental Regularization Program).
The PRA must be implemented by states, municipalities, and the Union. However, in the case of subnational entities that have not created their environmental regularization programs by the end of next year, landowners may — according to the text of the MP— join the federal government PRA.
HOW RURAL REGISTRATION WORKS
By including his land in the register, the owner gives a kind of map detailing the location of legal reserve areas (ranging from 20% in the Atlantic rainforest to 80% in the Amazon) and permanent preservation (such as the contiguous strip of bodies d ' Water).
If there was prior deforestation above what is allowed by law, the offender takes the blame and commits to the recovery
Step 1: Registration
Rural landowners register on the internet or with the responsible agency in their state, informing their identity, documents proving ownership of the property and delimiting the perimeter of the property, preserved areas and consolidated use.
Step 2: Verification
Through georeferenced images, the information will be checked by state agencies.
Step 3: Regularization
An owner who has environmental liabilities may join an environmental regularization program, with the benefits of not being assessed for infringements committed before July 2008 and being able to access agricultural credit through private or public banks.
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