Social media posts that use a video of a ship near a beach pouring a dark substance are misleading. The posts state that this is a Venezuelan ship that would be dumping oil on the northeast coast of Brazil.
The video was actually shot on April 30 and shows a ship dredging on Matosinhos Beach in Portugal.
The video shows a dredger, specific vessel to remove debris, sand and sediment from the bottom of waterways and near ports. The waste is deposited on the shore, facilitating navigation and thus creating a “seawall” of sand.
The images were recorded by Humberto Silva, leader of the “Don't Say To The Wall” movement, and posted on the group's Instagram page. By email, Silva confirmed the authorship of Comprova.
In the original post, the caption was: "Matosinhos Beach Scenery today, during the maintenance dredges of @portodeleixoes". After Comprova's contact, information was added that the video was not made in Brazil.
By email, Humberto Silva emphasized that the video is not about oil dumping. The organization “Say No to the Wall” is contrary to a work to expand, by 300 meters, the breakwater of the Port of Leixões. The group claims that the project could undermine activities such as surfing and also the environmental preservation of the region.
A post on the "Porto de Leixões" profile on Facebook by the Ports of Douro, Leixões and Viana do Castelo (APDL) Administration also confirms that dredging operations will be carried out on April 30.
Comprova checked posts on the "Captain Bolsonaro" and "Moro Presidente 2026" Facebook pages.
For the proves, misleading is the content that induces a different interpretation of the intention of its author; that confuses or is disclosed for confusing, with or without the intentional intent to cause harm.
The origin of oil
Oil stains began to appear on northeastern beaches in early September. Until this Sunday (13), are at least 166 locations in 72 municipalities in nine oil-hit states.
The exact origin of the oil is not yet known. Analysis of the oil by Petrobras, the Navy, and Northeastern universities indicates that the material is of Venezuelan origin, which in practice does not mean that Venezuela has a direct link to the spill. THE president jair Bolsonaro (PSL) said on Thursday it was 'almost certain' that the oil spill was criminal.
Environment Minister Ricardo Salles also corroborated the state-owned version. “This oil that is coming most likely is from Venezuela, as the Petrobras study said. It is an oil that comes from a foreign ship, apparently, sailing near the Brazilian coast, whether accidentally or not. ”
A study by the Institute of Geosciences of the Federal University of Bahia (UFBA) also points out that the oil that reaches the northeast coast is similar to oils of Venezuelan origin.
“IGEO / UFBA has independently and independently collected and analyzed oily material from Sergipe and Bahia beaches and found that it has similar chemical characteristics (biomarkers) to oils produced by Venezuela. Our analytical capabilities allow us to identify the oil basin that this oil was generated from. ”
On the 10th, the defense minister, Fernando Azevedo e Silva, also talked about the subject. “It's not Brazil, Brazil doesn't have that kind of oil. In a preliminary survey we are raising the possible ships and the possible flags that, for the period, may have been responsible for the leak. ”
How do we verify
For this verification, Comprova initially performed reverse search of a frozen video image but could not identify results. The team then searched for the terms “Venezuelan ship” on Facebook. When locating the video, it found a watermark that signaled that the video had been shared from the Instagram profile of the “Say No To The Wall” movement.
With this information, Comprova visited the page "Say No To The Wall" and confirmed the origin of the video, posted on April 30. Comprova could not find any previous records of these images on the Internet or social networks.
On Instagram, we searched the images that had been published with the location “Praia de Matosinhos”. There is a post from April 30th from user @tiagofazendeiro. By message on the social network, he confirmed that he was the author of the photo and said he is a local resident and supporter of the movement.
In addition, we seek information on the websites of the Douro, Leixões and Viana do Castelo Ports Administration, which manages the Port of Leixões in Matosinhos, the Porto Municipal Assembly and Brazilian and Portuguese press vehicles.
We also got in touch by email with the organization “Say No To The Seawall”, which runs online campaigns and demonstrations against the construction of the seawall in the port.
Participated in this poll O Estado de S. Paulo, SBT, Jornal do Commercio and TV Band.
. (tagsToTranslate) oil (t) Ibama (t) sheet