Yom Kippur is the holiest day of the year in Judaism and is the day when many Jews feel closer to God. The holy day is also known as the Day of Atonement and is a time when food and drink are abstained. The Jewish people are also not allowed to wash, wear leather shoes or have sex.
What time does Yom Kipur end?
Yom Kippur starts on the night of Tuesday, October 8th and ends on the night of Wednesday, October 9th.
The holy day lasts approximately 25 hours and in the UK begins at 18:18.
Yom Kippur ends 25 hours later at 7:07 pm.
These 25 hours are dedicated to fasting and prayer, often spending most of the day in synagogue services.
The traditions during Yom Kippur are as follows:
- Do not eat and drink
- Do not wear leather shoes
- Do not bathe or wash
- Does not rub on perfumes or lotions
- No marital relations
Yom Kippur falls on the tenth day of the seventh month of Tishrei and is also known as the Sabbath Sabbath.
The holiest days commemorate the end of the 10 Great Holy Days on the Jewish calendar.
According to Jewish tradition, God seals each person's fate for next year in a book – The Book of Life – and waits for Yom Kippur to do so.
Yom Kippur is dedicated to public and private atonement in the hope that sins will be forgiven.
Five prayer services are held in the synagogue during Yom Kippur and they are:
- Maariv, with his solemn service Kol Nidrei, on the eve of Yom Kippur
- Shacharit, the morning prayer, which includes a reading of Leviticus followed by the Yizkor memorial service.
- Musaf, which includes a detailed account of Yom Kippur Temple service
- Minchah, which includes reading the Book of Jonah
- Neilah, the “gate closing” service at sunset, followed by the shofar explosion that marks the end of fasting
When Yom Kippur ends, those in the synagogue participate in happy songs and dances, and it is a custom to sing the lively "March of Napoleon."
After that, a single blast is blown into the shofar, followed by the proclamation: "Next year in Jerusalem."
A shofar is an ancient musical horn, usually made of ram's horn, used for Jewish religious purposes.
Then a fasting meal is served with traditional carbohydrate foods such as sweet noodle pudding, shuffles, eggs and cheese.