Also known as The Day of Atonement, Yom Kippur is seen as the holiest day of the year in Judaism. Jewish people around the world mark the festival with fasting and prayer in the synagogue. The celebration takes place just one week after the end of the Jewish New Year festival – known as Rosh Hashana -.
When is Yom Kipur 2019?
The annual period is marked on the tenth day of the seventh month in the Hebrew calendar.
This year's festival begins just before sunset on Tuesday, October 8th and ends when night falls on Wednesday, October 9th.
The day of sunset is 6:09 pm on October 8.
What is Yom Kippur?
Yom Kippur is the culmination of the 10 holiest days of the years for Jews, a period of reflection that begins with Rosh Hashanah, the beginning of the new Jewish month.
This year, Rosh Hashanah starts on Sunday, September 29 and runs until Tuesday, October 1.
During this period, Jews ask for atonement.
Yom Kippur means "day" (yom) and "expiate" (Kippur), with followers promising not to make the same mistakes next year.
How is Yom Kippur celebrated?
The Jewish people must follow a strict set of rules for 25 hours, with five activities in particular prohibited.
They abstain from food and drink, abstain from sex, do not wash themselves, do not apply lotions or oils, and do not wear leather shoes.
Throughout the day, the faithful can attend five services in the synagogue.
Shacharit is the morning service and participants often remember those who died last year.
Many people also choose to dress in white as a sign of purity.
As the day coincides with fasting, the Jewish people must have breakfast and a pre-meal in the afternoon before the beginning of Yom Kippur.
Kreplach, small meat-stuffed dumplings or mashed potatoes, is traditionally eaten.
Rice, pasta and carbohydrate-rich dairy products are common, while salt is generally avoided so that people are not dehydrated during fasting.
Honey Challah is also eaten as a symbolic gesture to wish people a sweet year ahead, after the celebration of Rosh Hashana 10 days earlier.